Please find a comprehensive catalogue of the Singh Center’s high-performance equipment for nanotechnology research, easily accessible to faculty, staff and researchers.
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Quattrone Nanofabrication Equipment / Instrumentation

Nanoscale Characterization Equipment / Instrumentation

Scanning and Local Probe Equipment / Instrumentation

018 pico plus

Agilent AFM


  • 90μm ✕ 90 μm ✕ 7 μm closed-loop scanner
  • 9 μm ✕ 9 μm ✕ 2 μm open loop scanner

Noise floor

  • <5 Å (large scanner)
  • <1 Å (small scanner)


  • Ten 16-bit channels input
  • Four 24-bit channels out


  • Contact, tapping, lateral force, force spectroscopy, SKPM, MAC and Top MAC


  • Ambient, purged gas, fluid


Applications: Controlled-environment AFM (fluid, purged gas, temperature- programmed). Polymers, electrochemistry, force spectroscopy. Magnetically- excited AFM.

020 Asylum2

Asylum AFM

Modes available

  • Contact, AC (tapping) and Dual AC, 1-D forces, lateral force, nanolithography, Electrostatic Force, Kelvin probe, conductive AFM, Magnetic Force, piezoelectric force, thermal AFM

Scan axes

  • 90μm x 90μm ✕ 15μm closed loop

Z noise

  • <0.06nm 0.1Hz-1kHz BW

Cantilever noise

  • <0.02nm Adev, 0.1Hz-1kHz BW.

Analog to Digital Converters

  • One 16-bit, 5 MHz channel

Digital to Analog Converters

  • Five 16-bit 100kHz channel

Direct Digital Synthesizer

  • Six 24-bit 100kHz channels, plus two 10-bit 10MHz summed on a singleDAC

Applications: Force curves in contact or AC modes, frictional force imaging. Nanolithography, electrostatic force microscopy, and scanning surface potential. Conductive AFM, magnetic and piezoresponse force microscopy.

019 Icon 2

Bruker Icon AFM

X-Y scan range

  • 90μm × 90 μm × 10 μm

Vertical noise floor

  • <30 pm RMS

Current sensitivity

  • pA to μA

Motorized position stage (X-Y axis)

  • 180mm × 150mm
  • 210mm vacuum chuck

AFM modes

  • PeakForce (with quantitative nanomechanics), tapping, contact, lateral force, magnetic force spectroscopy, Kelvin probe, conductive AFM, tunneling AFM, electrostatic force, magnetic force, piezoelectric force, torsional resonance mode.

Applications: Nano-mechanics, whole-wafer inspection, scanning conductivity/resistance microscopy. Electrical measurements of soft materials.

022 STM


Omicron STM-1 scanner

  • 2 μm XY range
  • 20-50 pA min current

RHK SPM 1000 controller

  • 10 channel input
  • 26-bit resolution
  • complete signal access

Vacuum capability

  • 10-8 mtorr


  • LEED, sample annealing, lockin amplifiers, optical excitation

Applications: Atomically resolved imaging, density of states/bandgap analysis, photon-stimulated electrical properties, and nano-gap electrodes

017 Probe

Probe Station

Probe arms

  • 4 ✕ 0-1GHz
  • 2 ✕ 1-20 GHz


  • 10-6 torr

Lockin amplifiers

  • SRS 830, SRS 844

Impedance analyzer

Agilent E5061B 5Hz-3GHz

Network analyzer

  • Agilent N5230C 10MHz-20GHz

Temperature Range

  • LHe-50 °C


  • Kiethley 6517A

Function generators

  • SRS DS345 30MHz

Programming interface

  • Labview

Applications: Conductance, resistance, impedance, capacitance measurements of circuits, devices, and resonators.

016 Raman-NSOM


AFM scanners

  • 1μm, 10μm, and 100μm XY range
  • 532 and 660 nm laser sources

Optical heads

  • 7 NA 100 x upright air lens
  • 3 NA 100 x inverted

Confocal Raman

  • Adjustable pinhole size and objective lens alignment


  • 1800, 600, and 150/mm gratings and 75/mm Echele. Cooled CCD/EMCCD detector.

AFM modes

  • Contact, tapping, force mapping, Kelvin probe, conductive AFM, lateral force. Tuning fork AFM allows custom-cut and etched metal probes.

Environmental control

  • Enclosures for each scanner for gas purge. Heated sample stage, fluid cell.

Simultaneous AFM/Raman

  • Keeps samples of varying topography in focus

Near Field Scanning Optical Microscopy (NSOM)

  •  AFM-aperture optical microscopy is available in transmission mode

Applications: Simultaneous chemical and topographic/mechanical analysis. In situ temperature measurement. AFM-aperture optical microscopy. Optical devices such as semiconductor lasers, waveguides, and plasmonic devices Investigation of cellular tissue, DNA, viruses and other biological objects. Nanotubes, nanowires, and quantum dots.

014 TIRF


Modes available

  • Contact, AC (tapping) and dual AC, 1-D forces, lateral force, nanolithography, electrostatic force, Kelvin probe, conductive AFM, magnetic force, piezoelectric force, thermal AFM

Scan axes

  • 90μm ✕ 90μm ✕15 μm closed loop

Z noise

  • <0.06nm 0.1Hz-1kHz BW

Cantilever noise

  • <0.02nm Adev, 0.1Hz-1kHz BW


  • Micromanipulator, nano-injector, temperature-controlled chamber

Bio prep-space

  • CO2 incubator, Bio-safety cabinet


  • 641, 532, 488 nm lasers
  • Cascade II EMCCD camera with dual view filter
  • Nikon inverted optical microscope
  • 10✕, 40✕, 100 ✕ objectives

Applications: Mechanics of cells, tissues, and polymers. Tagging and identification of cells, proteins, and molecules. Controlled dosing of samples via micropipette. Controlled environment (fluid, temperature) experiments.

021 UHV


Scan range

  • 10 μm x 10 μm x 1.5 μm

Z – resolution 0.01 nm

  • 01 nm

Tunneling current:

  • < 1pA – 330 nA

Gap voltage

  • ± 5 mV to ± 10 V; applied to tip/cantilever, sample grounded

Vacuum achievable:

  • 10-11 mbar or better

Sample size

  • 3mm x 9mm 7mm diameter

Temp range

  • 100K – 1500 K

Imaging modes

  • Contact, tapping, and FM noncontact


  • LEED, Auger electron spectroscopy
  • Evaporator, leak valves for controlled gas environment, sputter gun


  • 20-bit, <25μV noise @ 60kHz up to 24 data acquisition signals

Applications: Atomically-resolved imaging of surfaces. Surface reconstruction. Friction and adhesion measurements. Surface potential and conductive AFM. Scanning Gate Microscopy. Scanning Kelvin Probe + Local dielectric AFM.

Property Measurement Group / Instrumentation

This is the first of two PPMS systems in the facility.  It provides magnetic field up to 9 T and temperatures from 1.7 K to 400 K.   Users are able to perform DC magnetic moment, AC magnetic susceptibility, 2- and 4-wire magnetoresistance, photoconductivity, and Hall effect.

This system benefits from the PPMS EverCool-II™ dewar, which is the second generation of low-loss dewars with integrated Helium liquefier for the PPMS system from Quantum Design. It allows the continuous operation of the PPMS System without the supply with liquid Helium. The system is cryogen free for the user, and can hold temperatures below 2 K indefinitely.


This is second of two PPMS systems in the facility.  It provides magnetic field up to 9 T and temperatures from 1.7 K to 400 K.   Users are able to perform 2- and 4-wire magnetoresistance, thermal conductivity, heat capacity, Seebeck coefficient, and Hall effect measurements.  The system is equipped with a turbo pump for the sample chamber.

Quantum Design’s MPMS-XL provides sensitive SQUID (Superconducting QUantum Interference Device) magnetometry capabilities using Quantum Design’s Reciprocating Sample Option (RSO).  In practice, we observe a noise floor of <10-8 emu for DC moment measurements.   The system provides magnetic fields up to 7 Tesla and temperatures nominally between 2 K and 400 K.  The MPMS has a fiber insert that permits studies of optically pumped magnetization, and an oven option that allows measurements up to 800 K when special needs arise.

MPMS XL Features

  • Cryogen Free with EverCool®
  • SQUID Sensitivity
  • Multiple Measurement Modes
    (Including Traditional MPMS DC Scan)
  • Temperature Range: 1.8 – 400K
  • 7 Tesla Magnet


The TriVista system is a triple spectrometer that has multiple input and detection ports that we can configure to provide Raman scattering down to 5 cm-1, photoluminescence excitation/emission spectral mapping, absorption, as well as spatial imaging of Raman scattering or photoluminescence with an infinitely tunable (in width and center wavelength) bandpass filter from 350 nm to 1000 nm.  For Raman scattering, the system can operate in either additive mode for high resolution experiments or in subtractive mode for extreme stray light rejection. The system has both Si and InGaAs detectors, providing detection bandwidth from 350 nm to 1.7 microns.  Light sources include a Xenon lamp (from which any spectral range can be selected without altering the illumination profile) and a laser at 532 nm.  We are able to measure samples on solid substrates and liquids within cuvettes.


  • Princeton Instruments Tri-Vista 555 spectrometer (9 gratings)
  • Princeton Instruments PIXIS-256E Si 2D array detector
  • Princeton Instruments OMA-V InGaAs linear array detector
  • Custom Optical Systems for Absorbance, Photoluminescence and Raman Scattering.